In addition to learning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, students can gain skills such as technology literacy, problem solving, communication skills, initiative building and social skills. These skills can be applied to any future career path, not just STEM careers. There are a variety of ways in which teachers can introduce STEM to students including videos, charts, and posters. Efforts are being focused on introducing students to STEM at an early age so they can develop interest in science and mathematics careers. STEM has evolved over the years and will continue to do so.
STEM education is a priority in the United States. The United States announced the STEM Education Strategic plan in 2018. This plan lays out a five year initiative in which all Americans will have access to high-quality STEM education. The STEM Education Strategic plan outlines a path that the US can take to become a leader in STEM literacy, innovation, and to make students more marketable in the workplace.
- From 2019 to 2029, employment in computer and information technology occupations is projected to grow 11% (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
- Between 2017 and 2027, the number of STEM jobs will grow 13 percent, compared to 9 percent for non-STEM jobs (Education Commission of the States)
- According to the Pew Research Center, as of 2018, STEM occupations have grown 79% since 1990.
- A STEM worker with some college education earns 26% more than a non-STEM worker. (Pew Research Center)
- Women in life sciences has increased from 34% to 47% since 1990. (Pew Research Center)
- Women are still underrepresented in engineering (14%), computers (25%), and physical science occupations (39%)(Pew Research Center)